Report prepared by Annamari Laaksonen, Research Manager, IFACCA
This White Paper, entitled CREATIVE MAURITIUS – VISION 2025 is the ﬁrst comprehensive cultural policy framework that takes into account the potential of the creative economy and the necessity for a new equilibrium for the Republic of Mauritius between the rich and diverse cultural heritage (the live past), contemporary creativity (the pressing present) and the anticipated aspirations of future generations (the fast-forward future).
Cultural Policies in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Tunisia
If we accept that the global concept of culture in relation to cultural policy has evolved from “the whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or social group”1to “what human beings produce, not what they inherit,”2and acknowledge that culture is now universally perceived as a productive sector and not just a service sector, then cultural policies in the Arab world appear out of step, erratic and, at best, inching their way toward some vague horizon. However, culture as a ‘discrete’ and fully-fledged concept is a relatively recent phenomenon.
In the Arab world, most governments only acquired separate ministries of culture well after they became independent nations. (It took Lebanon until 1994.) We should also bear in mind that here, as elsewhere, the term “cultural policy” only acquired currency relatively late in the 20th century. Before then cultural action was steered by cultural conditions, practices, trends or opinions that took their cue from or were deliberately shaped by national political policy.
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